Learning for life: Osteoporosis

Life Long Learning and Continuing Professional Development are the processes
by which professionals, such as nurses, develop and improve their practice.

There are many ways to address CPD: formally, through attending courses,
study days and workshops; or informally, through private study and reflection.
Reading articles in professional journals is a good way of keeping up-to-date
with what is going on in the field of practice, but reflecting and identifying
what you have learnt is not always easy. These questions are designed to help
you to identify what you have learnt from studying the article. They will also
help you to clarify what you can apply to practice, what you did not understand
and what you need to explore further.

1. Osteoporosis affects

a) All women
b) One in three women
c) One in three women and one in 12 men
d) One in 12 women and one in three men

2. Per year osteoporosis costs the NHS

a) £15,000
b) £150,000
c) £1.5m
d) £1,500m

3. Half the survivors of a fractured hip

a) Are permanently disabled
b) Never regain their former level of independence
c) Always regain their level of independence
d) Make a complete recovery

4. New bone is laid down by cells called

a) osteoclasts
b) osteobasts
c) osteophytes
d) osteoblasts

5. The World Health Organisation defines osteoporosis in terms of

a) Bone density
b) Fracture risk
c) Post-menopausal age at time of fracture
d) Ratio of healthy bone

6. Ultrasound is ideal in a community setting because it is

a) Safe, painless, portable and quick
b) Safe, painless, portable and inexpensive
c) Safe, painless, inexpensive and quick
d) Safe, quick, inexpensive and portable

7. Which of the following is NOT part of an osteoporosis risk assessment?

a) It must be carried out by trained personnel
b) There must be an auditable set of procedures
c) It must use the most easy-to-use equipment
d) The full range of risk factors should be investigated

8. Women can take action to reduce bone loss by

a) Taking medication
b) Seeing their doctor for a prescription
c) Doing nothing and resting
d) Following a healthy lifestyle

9. Which of the following is NOT an increased risk factor in

a) Early menopause
b) Regular exercise
c) Previous fracture after a minor accident
d) Family history of a broken hip

10. Occupational health nurses can help to

a) Take on the work of the GP
b) Prevent 200,000 fractures a year in the UK
c) Carry out tests as no special training is needed
d) Reduce GPs’ budgets



1.c) Undertake a literature search on osteoporosis in
order to update and revise your knowledge of this disease in more depth. 2.
d); 3. b); 4. d); 5. a); 6. a)
What do you know about ultrasound? Think
about how you can find more information about the different types of ultrasound
equipment available. Discuss with your colleagues the value of the different
types of equipment in your work area. 7. c); 8. d) Review the health
promotion work that you do on "healthy living and healthy
lifestyles". Do you cover, or take into account osteoporosis in this work?
9. b); 10. b) Design a programme or a poster on osteoporosis awareness
for use in your area of practice.

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