A systematic literature review has found “strong and consistent” evidence to support a causal link between different occupational exposures and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
The review also finds a nearly uniform pattern of a dose-response relationship between various work-related exposures and the disease, adding to the evidence that occupational exposures from vapours, gas, dust and fumes are risk factors for COPD.
Omland O et al (2014). “Occupational chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic literature review”. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health; vol.40, issue 1, pp.19-35.