Life Long Learning and Continuing Professional Development (CPD) are the
processes by which professionals, such as nurses, develop and improve their
There are many ways to address CPD: formally, through attending courses,
study days and workshops; or informally, through private study and reflection.
Reading articles in professional journals is a good way of keeping up-to-date
with what is going on in the field of practice, but reflecting and identifying
what you have learned is not always easy.
These questions are designed to help you to identify what you have learned
from studying the article. They will also help you to clarify what you can
apply to practice, what you did not understand and what you need to explore
1. When was the first course for OH nursing?
2. What was a major influence on the education of nurses in the last10
a) Agenda for change
b) The Nursing process
c) Nursing models
d) Project 2000
3. What is needed to be seen as competent?
d) All of the above
4. What does a degree classification indicate?
a) A highly academic person
b) Someone with independent thought and capable of synthesis
c) An expert practitioner
d) Some one with a breadth of nursing knowledge
5. How can a new graduate become an expert?
a) By getting a good degree classification
b) Classroom learning
c) As a result of continuing and reflective practice?
d) Getting a well-paid job
6. It is the aim of AOHNE to develop reflective practitioners who are:
a) Critical thinkers and knowledgeable doers
b) Skilled at OH practice
c) Able to undertake research
d) Capable leaders
7. What is the first step for the CDG to take?
a) To decide on the module needed
b) To develop a philosophy
c) To review the literature
d) To develop a degree
8. How long should it take to complete a part-time degree programmes?
a) Six months
b) One year
c) Two years
d) Five years
9. What is Rogers’ approach to education?
10. Which government document is the course congruent with?
a) Taking a Public Health Approach in the Workplace
b) Securing Health Together
c) Good Health is Good Business
d) Revitalising Health & Safety, a strategy statement
Answers & feedback
1) a – The RCN started OHN training in 1934 , then called Industrial Nursing.
The history of OH nursing can be found in The Birth of Industrial Nursing,
Charley 1954. 2) b 3) d – Competence is about having knowledge, skills
and understanding – all three are required to be classed by both yourself and
others as competent. It may be worth carrying out a literature search to find
out more. Also discuss with your colleagues or supervisor/mentor and find out
what competence means to you. 4) b – Many people think that having a
degree is about having a great deal of knowledge, which it is not. It is about
being able to think something through and to be able to find out more and know
where to find out more. Again, discuss this with your mentor/supervisor or
colleagues to find out what it all means to you and others. 5) c – It is
worth reading Benner to find out more about the different levels, from novice
to expert. Plus, the article in Occupational Health, ‘Time for Reflection’ (May
2004). 6) a 7) b – Have you developed your own philosophy of OH nursing?
If not, it maybe worth thinking about what you value and believe about OH. 8)
c 9) d – It is worth getting hold of Rogers’ book, listed in the references
on page 29. It is an interesting aspect of teaching and learning. 10) a
– Re-read this document or download a copy from the DoH website.