Learning for life: Voice disorders

Life Long Learning and Continuing Professional Development are the processes
by which professionals, such as nurses, develop and improve their practice.

There are many ways to address CPD: formally, through attending courses,
study days and workshops or informally, through private study and reflection.
Reading articles in professional journals is a good way of keeping up-to-date
with what is going on in the field of practice, but reflecting and identifying
what you have learnt is not always easy. These questions are designed to help
you to identify what you have learnt from studying the article. They will also
help you to clarify what you can apply to practice, what you did not understand
and what you need to explore further.

1. What percentage of the workforce is in professions in which the voice
is the primary tool?

a) 25 per cent
b) 33 per cent
c) 40 per cent
d) 50 per cent

2. Which profession is most likely to suffer from work-related voice

a) Acting
b) Military
c) Lecturers
d) Teachers

3. The human voice is an acoustic signal for:

a) Speech, singing, drama and emotional expression
b) Speech, singing and emotional expression
c) Speech, drama and emotional expression
d) Singing, drama and emotional expression

4. The majority of voice disorders are due to

a) Organic disorders
b) Congenital abnormalities
c) Psychogenic disorders
d) Faulty use of vocal mechanism

5. Loss of voice is called

a) Dysphonia
b) Dysphagia
c) Odynophonia
d) Aphonia

6. The common cause of hoarseness is

a) Shouting
b) Vocal abuse
c) Repeated sore throats
d) Viral infections

7. Which lifestyle factor DOES NOT affect the voice?

a) Smoking
b) Caffeine
c) Diet
d) Alcohol

8. Which of the following environmental factors DO NOT affect the voice?

a) Humidity
b) Temperature
c) Lighting
d) Noise

9. Which of the following is a non-vocal signal aimed at conserving the

a) Raised eyebrows
b) Clapping
c) Finger drumming
d) Foot tapping

10. Which of the following regulations apply with regard to voice

a) First Aid Regulations 1981
c) Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations1992



1.b); 2.d) Although this article talks about teachers
being prone to voice problems it may be worth thinking about other professions,
such as those listed here, which may also suffer from voice problems. Discuss
this with your colleagues and identify other groups that may be affected and
whether there are other factors in teaching that may be a trigger for this
specific group; 3.a); 4.d); 5.d) Look up each of the words and make sure
you understand what each one means; 6.b); 7.c) Write notes about how
each of these items affects the voice; 8.c); 9.b) Clapping can be used
to draw attention rather than shouting or raising the voice. The other
distractors are annoying habits. Can you think of any other ways to get
attention? 10.c) If you have access to a speech therapist then arrange
to talk to him/her about this topic. If not, then your local OH group may be
able to arrange for one to come and speak to you on work-related voice

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