Pay awards in the manufacturing sector have remained low because many firms are wary of a faltering economy, according to CBI research.
The latest Pay Databank survey shows the average pay awards in manufacturing were 2.6 per cent in the three months to September.
This compares to 2.7 per cent in the previous quarter and 2.8 per cent a year ago.
Manufacturing firms blamed an inability to raise prices as the key factor keeping pay down, closely followed by low profits.
The CBI's chief economic advisor Ian McCafferty said manufacturing was under pressure and fears that the downturn would get worse were increasing.