Baxter and others v Marks & Spencer and others
Employment Appeal Tribunal
Duty to inform and consult employee representatives about a TUPE transfer
Marks and Spencer (M&S) decided to outsource its loss prevention department. As a result, M&S recognised that TUPE applied and 200 employees were affected. M&S initiated the consultation process and provided employees with the necessary information. The first scheduled election was aborted and a subsequent election process appointed the necessary employee representatives. A number of employees brought claims alleging, among other claims, a breach of the duty to inform and consult with them.
The tribunal found that while M&S had complied with its duty to inform and consult with employees over the TUPE transfer, information had not been given to the elected employee representatives in accordance with the TUPE regulations as it had been provided before the elections.
However, as this was a technical breach, and the employees had suffered no detriment, no compensation would be awarded. The employees appealed.
At the EAT, the employees relied on a number of issues to support their argument that M&S had failed to comply with its duty to inform and consult with employees. These were: that the shift in emphasis on the investigation of external theft (rather than internal theft) after the transfer was a "measure" for the purposes of consultation; that the provision of information too early was not a minor breach; that there was a failure to consult over job roles; that alterations had been made to the proposals; and that M&S had not consulted for long enough.
The EAT rejected all the points raised by the employees. In respect of the decision not to award compensation for a minor breach, the EAT stated that a tribunal has a power, not an obligation, to award compensation. Therefore, it had a discretion whether or not to award compensation at all.
In relation to the failure to consult about changes to the job roles, the EAT found that this was not a measure connected to the transfer but an administrative consequence of the transfer. As for the other points, the EAT held that they had no reasonable prospect of success and dismissed the appeal.
- The EAT upheld the tribunal's practical approach to the issue of whether M&S had complied