Public bodies will have to undertake a root-and-branch review of employment
policies after the biggest change to race laws in a quarter of a century.
Home Secretary Jack Straw said public-sector employers will have a legal
duty to promote race equality. Exemptions for some bodies, including the
police, Immigration Service, Civil Service and the Prison Service, from laws
against indirect race discrimination will also end.
Ethnic minority staff adversely affected by policies in these sectors will
now have the same right as all employees to take tribunal action. Penalties
will be in line with existing racism cases.
The Race Relations (Amendment) Bill will force the public sector to step up
ethnic monitoring and push equality into mainstream policy-making.
Recruitment, pay and appraisal systems, promotion, career development and
training will come under the microscope.
Straw said he wants public bodies to take a lead in ending race
discrimination and has put the spotlight on the previously neglected area of
indirect bias. He made no changes to the law banning private-sector firms from
indirectly discriminating but the renewed emphasis on the issue will place
greater pressure on them to improve employment practices.
Public-sector HR directors welcomed the law changes and said some bodies had
neglected equality policies. "For some organisations it will just mean
fine tuning; for others it will mean more fundamental change," said county
personnel officer at Gloucestershire County Council Alwyn Rea.
Rita Sammons, president of local authority HR body Socpo, said the changes
combined with the Best Value scheme would force all councils to improve ethnic
monitoring. Francesca Okosi at Brent council said the private sector needs to
Unions say they have no plans for a witch hunt in the public sector but
warned that all employment policies would be scrutinised.
Sir Herman Ouseley, outgoing chairman of the Commission for Racial Equality,
said the laws will be "a decisive step" towards setting standards on
By John Robinson