Learning for life: Diabetes

Long Learning and Continuing Professional Development (CPD) are the processes
by which professionals, such as nurses, develop and improve their practice.

are many ways to address CPD: formally, through attending courses, study days
and workshops; or informally, through private study and reflection. Reading
articles in professional journals is a good way of keeping up-to-date with what
is going on in the field of practice, but reflecting and identifying what you
have learnt is not always easy. These questions are designed to help you to
identify what you have learnt from studying the article. They will also help
you to clarify what you can apply to practice, what you did not understand and
what you need to explore further.

Diabetes is the leading cause of:

b) Deafness
c) Liver disease
d) Heart disease

How many people in the UK are known diabetics?

1.4 thousand
b) 1.5 thousand
c) 1.4 million
d) 1.5 million

What number of characteristics indicates a higher risk of Type 2 diabetes?

One or more
b) Two or more
c) Three or more
d) Four or more

The Diabetes Control and Complications trial showed vascular complications are
reduced in people who receive

Three or more insulin injections per day plus diet and exercise counselling
b) Tablets plus diet and exercise counselling
c) Three or more insulin injections per day and a high fibre diet
d) Less than three insulin injections per day plus diet and exercise

The symptoms of diabetes include:

Weight loss, lethargy, headaches
b) Weight loss, thirst and headaches
c) Lethargy, thirst and headaches
d) Weight loss, lethargy and thirst

According to the case study which side effect of diabetes does Christopher now
suffer from?

b) Peripheral neuropathy
c) Presbycusis
d) Diabetic retinopathy

According to the UK Prospective Diabetes study which factors were significant
in reducing life-threatening complications?

Healthy diet and frequent exercise
b) Regular blood and urine tests
c) Regular blood tests and health check
d) Lowering blood pressure and glucose levels

A hypoglycaemic attach occurs when there is:

Too much sugar in the blood
b) Too little sugar in the blood
c) Too much insulin in the blood
d) Too little insulin in the blood

The symptoms of a hypoglycaemic attack are often confused with:

A drug overdose
b) Epilepsy
c) Drunkenness
d) Psychosis

Which type of diabetes is more severe?

Type 1
b) Type 2
c) Insulin dependent
d) Both are equally as serious


2c; 3b
Look at Box 1 for the list of characteristics; 4a; 5d These
are just three of the possible symptoms listed in the text; 6b There is
often a gap of seven years between onset and diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes –
during this time peripheral neuropathy develops – early diagnosis can help to
prevent this; 7d A well-balanced diet and exercise are important for
everybody’s health, not least the diabetic; 8b A hypoglycaemic attack
occurs when insulin has been injected and insufficient sugar or carbohydrate
food has been eaten; 9c The public may confuse the symptoms of a hypo
with any of the answers, but drunkenness is the most common; 10d If you
have access to the Net explore www.diabetes.org.uk or contact the British
Diabetic Association for details on living with diabetes

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