Long Learning and Continuing Professional Development (CPD) are the processes
by which professionals, such as nurses, develop and improve their practice.
are many ways to address CPD: formally, through attending courses, study days
and workshops; or informally, through private study and reflection. Reading
articles in professional journals is a good way of keeping up-to-date with what
is going on in the field of practice, but reflecting and identifying what you
have learnt is not always easy. These questions are designed to help you to
identify what you have learnt from studying the article. They will also help
you to clarify what you can apply to practice, what you did not understand and
what you need to explore further.
What method was used in this study of bottle injuries?
b) Cohort study
c) Randomised controlled trial
d) Community trial
For what length of period were questionnaires used to record injuries?
b) Six months
c) Nine months
d) 12 months
What was the average age of the responding bar staff?
What percentage of injuries where caused by bottles?
25 per cent
b) 34 per cent
c) 48 per cent
d) 65 per cent
What type of injuries did drinking glasses cause?
What part of the body was mainly injured?
How many injuries occurred through the handling of bottles to be recycled?
19 per cent
b) 10 per cent
c) 29 per cent
d) 50 per cent
Why was there a reduction in injuries caused by pint glasses?
The introduction of toughened glass
b) A change in drinking habits
c) A shift away from using glasses to drinking directly from the bottle
d) All of the above
What recommendations are suggested for improving safety?
Discard bottles into large containers
b) Health and safety guidelines should be established
c) Ban drinking directly from the bottle
d) Separate bottles into returnable and non-returnable
What safety recommendations are made regarding manufacture of the bottles?
Only make bottles of adequate thickness to a set standard
b) Only make returnable bottles
c) Only make non-returnable bottles
d) Only make plastic bottles
Which type of glass causes most injuries?
b) Beer tankard
c) Straight beer glass
d) Whisky tumbler
2b using a book on research or epidemiology study a section on research
methods such as chapter 3 in Basic Epidemiology 1993, Beagelehole R, et al; 3b;
4b; 5c; 6b; 7c; 8d; 9b Refresh your memory on the management of health and
safety at work approved code of practice (HSC 1992) particularly Regulation 4
"Health and safety arrangements"; 10a; 11c