Life Long Learning and Continuing Professional Development (CPD) are the
processes by which professionals, such as nurses, develop and improve their
There are many ways to address CPD: formally, through attending courses,
study days and workshops; or informally, through private study and reflection.
Reading articles in professional journals is a good way of keeping up to date
with what is going on in the field of practice, but reflecting and identifying
what you have learnt is not always easy. These questions are designed to help
you to identify what you have learnt from studying the article. They will also
help you to clarify what you can apply to practice, what you did not understand
and what you need to explore further.
1.What does a modern approach to occupational health rely on?
a) Sound occupational health advice
b) Risk assessment
c) The UK economy
d) Health promotion
2. The influenza virus is commonly spread through:
a) Airborne infected particles
b) Contaminated food and water
c) Inadequate handwashing
d) Contaminated equipment and utensils
3. Outbreaks of influenza occur in the UK between:
a) January and June
b) March and September
c) June and December
d) September and March
4. What is the cost of Relenza per patient?
5. When was the most recent major influenza epidemic in the UK?
6. The NHS Trust in the article did not offer influenza vaccination to
a) It was too expensive
b) It was unnecessary for healthy staff
c) They would be better protected in the future by building up their own antibodies
d) They would be regarded as malingerers if they subsequently contracted
7. The 1979 study carried out by the Post Office showed that
a) It was cost-effective to vaccinate against influenza
b) There was no consistent benefit to those staff who were vaccinated
c) There was a saving on sickness absence attributable to the vaccination
d) Over the five year period it was a consistent benefit to staff
8.How long does the influenza vaccine give cover for?
a) 6 months
b) 1 year
c) 3 years
d) 5 years
9. An increase in acute hospital admissions for influenza-related
respiratory illnesses results in:
a) A backlog of routine admissions, cancelled routine theatre sessions and
increased waiting lists
b) A backlog of routine admissions, cancelled routine theatre sessions and
staff holidays cancelled
c) A backlog of routine admissions, cancellation of staff holidays and
increased waiting lists
d) Cancelled routine theatre sessions and staff holidays and increased waiting
10. Which one of the following is NOT a sign or symptom of influenza
1. b); 2. a) update your knowledge of influenza by visiting some of the web
sites given in Occupational Health journal 2000, October, p32 – especially
www.influenza.com or, if you do not have access to the internet then visit a
library and carry out a literature search; 3. d); 4. d); 5. a); 6. c); 7.
b); 8. b); 9. a); 10. d) pyrogen is a substance capable of producing fever