Coronavirus: workers to get statutory sick pay from day one

Boris Johnson announced the change to SSP flanked by home secretary Priti Patel.
Photo: House of Commons/PA Wire/PA Images

Employees will get statutory sick pay (SSP) from their first day off work rather than the fourth as part of government plans to stem the spread of coronavirus, the prime minister has announced.

Boris Johnson said people who self-isolate are helping to protect others from the virus and should not be “penalised for doing the right thing”. The move is part of the government’s emergency legislation.

He said in today’s prime minister’s questions in Parliament: “As yesterday’s plan made clear, we’re not at the point yet where we’re asking large numbers of people to self-isolate but that of course may come if large numbers of people have the symptoms of coronavirus.

“And, if they stay at home, the House will understand that they are helping to protect all of us by slowing the spread of the virus, and that is what the best scientific evidence tells us.

“If they stay at home and if we ask people to self-isolate they may lose out financially. So I can today announce that the health secretary will bring forward, as part of our emergency coronavirus legislation, measures to allow the payment of statutory sick pay from the very first day you are sick instead of four days under the current rules.

“And I think that’s the right way forward. Nobody should be penalised for doing the right thing.”

Further details of the rule changes are yet to be revealed.

This morning the UK’s chief medical officer indicated that an epidemic in the UK would now be likely. The government will also now register Covid-19 as “notifiable”, which means businesses can seek compensation if they are affected by the virus.

According to government plans published yesterday, as many as one in five workers could be off sick at once.

The TUC this week urged the government to support workers who did not qualify for SSP, such as those on zero-hours contracts.

Responding to the government’s announcement today, general secretary Frances O’Grady said it was “an important step” but not enough.

“Two million workers still don’t earn enough to qualify for statutory sick pay. They can’t afford not to work. And statutory sick pay still isn’t enough to live on.

“Government must go further to ensure that no one is penalised for doing the right thing.”

Under the new SSP arrangements, if a person on the national living wage had to self-isolate, they would receive £94.25 per week, just one third of the typical take-home pay of £277.35, assuming they were working 37.5 hours per week.

Laura Gardiner, research director at think-tank the Resolution Foundation, echoed concerns that millions of workers would still miss out.

If they stay at home and if we ask people to self-isolate they may lose out financially. No one should be penalised for doing the right thing.” – Boris Johnson

She said: “This is a welcome announcement that will go some way towards reassuring workers who need to self-isolate from the coronavirus that they will not lose all of their income by doing so.

“However, this extra support will not help the UK’s five million self-employed workers who aren’t entitled to SSP, along with around two million low-paid employees who don’t earn enough (£118 a week) to qualify.

“The government should now extend coverage of SSP further to ensure that no worker loses all of their income from doing the right thing if they’re affected by the coronavirus, and start a broader review to ensure we have an adequate sick pay system. It shouldn’t take a pandemic to prompt this.”

Dave Prentis, general secretary of Unison, added that “people shouldn’t be faced with a choice of making ends meet or following public health advice and helping prevent the spread of the virus”.

Health secretary Matt Hancock had already indicated this week that self-isolating for medical reasons “counts as being sick in the legislation” and that the government would keep the rules around sick pay under review.

Emma Ahmed, a professional support lawyer at Hill Dickinson, looked into the legalities of providing sick pay for everyone, including those in precautionary self-isolation who could still be capable of work.

She told Daniel Barnett’s employment law bulletin that after looking into the legislation, it was both correct and good practice to pay SSP or contractual sick pay to someone provided they “have been given a PHE self-isolation notice by a doctor or NHS 111, and are not just staying at home because they’re scared”.

The announcement comes amid reports of a growing number of workplaces closing offices or telling staff to work from home amid increasing concern around the spread of the virus.

Google’s European headquarters in Dublin were left largely empty yesterday as thousands of employees were ordered to work from home. According to reports, an employee had displayed flu-like symptoms and managers had asked staff to work remotely in order to test the company’s ability to function with a ghost headquarters.

Yesterday staff at Deloitte UK’s offices were told that an employee had contracted coronavirus during a personal trip to Asia. The consulting firm sent home staff who worked on the same floor to allow deep cleaning. A small number of staff who had been in contact with the affected employee had been asked to work from home.

The number of coronavirus cases in the UK now stands at 85.

9 Responses to Coronavirus: workers to get statutory sick pay from day one

  1. Avatar
    TFS 4 Mar 2020 at 3:23 pm #

    As a company, how are we supposed to pay SSP to an employee who is not working, if my company has no money coming in. We are a small solvent company, but there is no money to pay over £3000.00 per week in SSP if there is no work.

    SSP needs to be funded by central government. If our staff have to self-isolate, there will be no company after the end of the outbreak. They may get SSP for a week or two, but they wil have no job at the end of it.

    • Avatar
      Maria 5 Mar 2020 at 4:53 pm #

      I couldn’t agree more. This is a huge concern for us as a small company too.

  2. Avatar
    Mrs L Chambers 5 Mar 2020 at 7:20 am #

    People who don’t get paid sick leave and cant afford to be off work are unlikely to self-isolate just because they will now get SSP from day 1. This just proves Boris Johnson is on another planet!

  3. Avatar
    Justasmallnorthernlass 5 Mar 2020 at 4:05 pm #

    This is very magnanimous of our multi millionaire prime minister … it’s time the government took back the onus of paying SSP or small businesses will be going under faster than you can say Jack Robinson

  4. Avatar
    Jerry Hayter 5 Mar 2020 at 4:14 pm #

    What is a ‘PHE self-isolation notice’?

    As far as i can see, no such thing exists.

  5. Avatar
    Irene 13 Mar 2020 at 11:35 am #

    I am an agency worker, and my partner has a zero hours contract. If we don’t work, we don’t eat (or pay the bills)

  6. Avatar
    Stephen Courtney 14 Mar 2020 at 11:13 pm #

    I am a hourly paid worker working for a struggling Ltd company I can’t afford to self isolate I still have bills & financial commitments to fulfil & I would not be able to meet those on 2 weeks sick pay it would leave me struggling to get back on track after a financial hit that self isolation would bring
    In short I can’t afford not to work
    I have worked & paid my tax & ni for the last 40 years with no time off sick & nothing back from the tax man, surely the government can afford to match my pay for two weeks so in fact I don’t lose out for doing the right thing

  7. Avatar
    Amanda 15 Mar 2020 at 11:00 pm #

    I echo the concerns above. I operate as a sole trader in a service industry. If someone goes sick then it cost the business in sick pay and more again to cover the staff member sick. I accept that risk and prepare for it. The difference is that under these circumstances, there won’t be anyone to cover. If the schools close then so will my business, therefore zero income! Also, it has been suggested that it will be refunded by HMRC in the same way as maternity leave. However, as a small business the weekly deductions wouldn’t be sufficient to offset the ssp payout. HMRC or tax credit/universal credit should be responsible for the administration of this policy and the payments made directly to the employee. Also, it’s being banded about as though it’s in place now, when it has not been legislated for. So staff think it’s an automatic entitlement rather than understanding that the scheme isn’t even up and running yet.

  8. Avatar
    Liv 19 Mar 2020 at 12:06 pm #

    Agree. If we close there is no income so how do we pay SSP?

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