Many proposed employment law changes that the government has put forward in the last few years have stalled, mainly as a result of the focus on Brexit and the coronavirus pandemic. Which proposals could be resurrected in 2021?
XpertHR’s legal timetable provides summaries of all pending employment laws and regulations, with implementation dates.
1. Sexual harassment
Following the #MeToo movement, the government looked at what more could be done to ensure that employers take all the steps that they can to prevent workplace sexual harassment.
- Introduce a mandatory duty on employers to prevent harassment in the workplace.
- Strengthen and clarify the law on third-party harassment in the workplace.
- Extend the employment tribunal time limits for claims under the Equality Act 2010.
- Introduce a statutory code of practice on sexual harassment at work.
2. Settlement agreements
To tackle misuse of confidentiality clauses when workplace harassment or discrimination occurs, the government stated its aim to require employers to set out more clearly the consequences and limitations of confidentiality clauses in contracts of employment and settlement agreements.
- Ensure that a confidentiality clause cannot prevent an individual from making a disclosure to the police, regulated health and care professionals, or legal professionals.
- Improve independent legal advice available to an individual when signing a settlement agreement.
- Produce guidance on drafting requirements for confidentiality clauses.
- Introduce new enforcement measures for confidentiality clauses that do not comply with legal requirements.
3. Family-friendly rights
The Government has mooted a wide variety of potential changes to family-friendly rights in recent years, including an overhaul of flexible working rules, the introduction of statutory carers’ leave and neonatal leave, and changes to statutory paternity leave to encourage fathers to take more leave.
The Queen’s Speech, delivered on 19 December 2019, included the announcement of an Employment Bill. The Bill may finally be published in 2021 and could include provisions on flexible working, carers’ leave, neonatal leave, and the extension of maternity protection on redundancy.
- Make flexible working the default unless employers have “good reason” not to do so.
- Introduce one week’s unpaid leave each year for employees who are carers, for the purpose of caring for a dependant with mental or physical health needs.
- Introduce neonatal leave and pay to support new parents whose baby requires neonatal care following birth.
- Overhaul family-friendly leave and pay entitlements, with a focus on changes to statutory paternity leave and pay that would encourage fathers to take more leave.
4. Redundancy protection
Employees on maternity leave already have the right to be offered any suitable alternative vacancy in a redundancy situation. However, the government intends to extend this protection to cover the period from the employer finding out about the pregnancy to six months after the employee’s maternity leave ends.
- Ensure that the redundancy protection period, which gives the right to be offered any suitable alternative vacancy in a redundancy situation, applies from the point that the employee informs the employer that she is pregnant (whether this is done orally or in writing).
- Extend the redundancy protection period to six months after a new mother has returned to work, with the protection period starting once maternity leave is finished.
- Mirror the extension of the redundancy protection period for those taking adoption leave and shared parental leave (but not paternity leave).
5. Requests for more stable contract
The government suggested that it will legislate for the right for workers to “request a more predictable and stable contract” and be provided with “reasonable and recordable” work schedules.
Other proposals that could progress
- Introducing new rules to ensure that tips are passed to workers in full.
- Requiring high-earning public-sector employees to repay exit payments where they return to work in the public sector within one year of leaving.
- Extending the time required to break a period of continuous service from one week to four weeks for calculating employment rights.
- Widening the ban on exclusivity clauses, currently banned in zero hours contracts, to include contracts where a worker’s guaranteed weekly income is less than the lower earnings limit.
- Provide workers with the right to request a more predictable and stable contractual working pattern after 26 weeks’ continuous service.
- Give workers the right to “reasonable and recordable” work schedules, to tackle the issue of workers being allocated shifts with limited notice, making it difficult for them to “plan their lives or find other work”.
- Define what counts as “reasonable notice” of work schedules, which might include a minimum amount of notice while also building in some flexibility (for instance for the emergency services).
- Provide workers with compensation for shifts cancelled without reasonable notice.
6. Ethnicity pay gap reporting
With gender pay gap reporting legislation having bedded in, the government put forward options for requiring large employers to publish information on their pay gap for people from different ethnicities. If reporting is consistent, employers would be better able to benchmark their progress towards a more diverse workforce.
- Require large employers to report ethnicity pay gap figures annually.
- Mirror gender pay gap reporting where possible – the requirement would likely apply to employers with 250 or more employees, with an annual deadline to report (30 March for public-sector employers; 4 April in the private- and voluntary-sectors).
- Encourage employers to provide additional information in their ethnicity pay gap report to put their figures in context.
- Ask (or possibly require) employers to publish a narrative or action plan setting out what steps they are taking to address ethnicity pay disparities.
7. Modern slavery statements
The government is making major changes to the duty on large employers to publish an annual modern slavery statement. The changes will also bring large public-sector organisations within the scope of the duty to produce a modern slavery statement.
- Extend the duty to publish an annual modern slavery statement to cover public-sector organisations with a budget of at least £36 million per year. This includes local authorities, NHS bodies, police forces and central government departments.
- Mandate the areas on which employers must report under the Modern Slavery Act 2015, rather than the reporting areas being recommendations only.
- Introduce a shared reporting period of 1 April to 31 March for all organisations covered by the legislation, with a single annual reporting deadline of 30 September.
- Create a central online registry where employers must upload their modern slavery statement, similar to the GOV.UK website where employers publish their gender pay gap reporting figures.
Employment law changes confirmed
- 1 April 2021 The rates of the national minimum wage increase, including an increase in the national living wage from £8.72 to £8.91 per hour. The national living wage is extended to workers aged 23 (rather than 25, which is the qualifying age before 1 April 2021).
- 4 April 2021 The weekly rates of statutory maternity pay, paternity pay, shared parental pay, adoption pay, and parental bereavement pay increase from £151.20 to £151.97.
- 6 April 2021 The weekly rate of statutory sick pay increases from £95.85 to £96.35.
- 6 April 2021 Reforms to the rules on off-payroll working, commonly known as IR35, apply to private-sector organisations.