Life Long Learning and Continuing Professional Development (CPD) are the
processes by which professionals, such as nurses, develop and improve their
practice. There are many ways to address CPD: formally, through attending
courses, study days and workshops; or informally, through private study and
reflection. Reading articles in professional journals is a good way of keeping
up-to-date with what is going on in the field of practice, but reflecting and
identifying what you have learned is not always easy.
These questions are designed to help you to identify what you have learned
from studying the article. They will also help you to clarify what you can
apply to practice, what you did not understand and what you need to explore
1. Which of the following is NOT a qualitative research design?
a) Grounded theory
b) Randomised control trial
c) Ethnographic study
d) Case study
2. Lifting techniques are regarded as controversial if they are:
a) Incorrect, condemned or inappropriate
b) Incorrect, condemned or unsafe
c) Inappropriate, condemned or unsafe
d) Incorrect, unsafe or inappropriate
3. Which one of the following was NOT one of the concepts that the Back
at Work project was based on?
a) The promotion of good staff health
b) Training awareness
c) Identifying the causes of musculoskeletal health
d) Prevention of injury
4. In patient/client handling, which piece of equipment needs regular
adjusting for safe handling?
a) Brakes on trolleys
b) Wheelchair seats
c) Height of chairs
d) Height of beds
5. Using a hoist to lift a patient/client could be regarded as:
6. What percentage of HSE prosecutions and improvement notices were due
to deficiency in training?
7. The HSE makes recommendations for safer patient handling, which needs
to be focused on core skills such as:
a) Management training
b) Basic nursing care
c) Models of nursing
d) Communication and body language
8. Haptonomy is derived from which language?
9. What is the main thrust of the new RCN manual handling guidance?
c) Safe systems of work
d) Personal development
10. When reading research, what should one do?
a) See who carried out the research
b) Look at the sample size
c) Check the number of references
d) Critically appraise the work
1) b – Refresh your knowledge of the different types of
research and discuss with your colleagues the various methods and their merits
in OH. 2) c – If you read chapter three in the Hignet 2003 book, you
will find it is devoted to these controversial lifts. 3) b 4) d – Simple
things such as adjusting the height of the bed when handling patients are often
forgotten. A poll at the conference confirmed this. It may be worth observing
some people at work to see if they adjust the height of the bed. 5) a –
Dignity and human rights are important factors to consider with regards to
using patient handling equipment. Read further about patient care and dignity. 6)
b – Review the manual handling training in your place of work. Decide
whether it is up-to-date, takes enough regard of the process of risk assessment
and reaches all employees that require it. 7) d 8) c – Explore this
topic further using the websites given in the text on page 24. 9) a –
Obtain a copy of the new RCN document and use it as a basis with which to
review the patient/client handling policy and training in your organisation. 10)
d – Critical appraisal skills are essential for reading research and each
of the answers are needed to carry out the appraisal. Are you happy with your
appraisal skills? If not, consider taking further training in this area.