HR has come a long way since personnel was a department and outsourcing amounted to nothing more than a solitary payroll processing service offered by an entrepreneurial programmer who decided to make use of spare capacity on his company's mainframe computer. Here Personnel Today selects 40 moments that have defined HR and, in the process, changed the workplace forever.
1963: First bureau payroll service begins
Ian Evans-Gordon, a programmer at Perkins Engines, Peterborough, sets up one of the first bureau payroll services using spare capacity on his firm's mainframe computer. He names the company Peterborough Data Processing.
1964: Human Capital published
US economist Gary Becker won the Nobel Prize for his study on the economics of human capital - a term he also created. An advocate of education and training, he recognised it was not equipment that was crucial to business growth but having the knowledge and skills to run the equipment effectively.
1965: Birth of strategic management
Russian-born Igor Ansoff's book Corporate Strategy was the first to document a theory of strategic planning, and in doing so ignited a lasting preoccupation for the profession: aligning an organisation's people practices with its corporate strategy.
1966: The Effective Executive published
Legendary management thinker Peter Drucker codified numerous modern work practices and this book is considered by many to be the most influential of his works - telling us all how to be better managers.
1967: The rise of teams
Not strictly a single moment, but by the late 1960s, group behaviour had become the hottest workplace topic as organisations realised that teams could lead to improved organisational effectiveness, greater worker satisfaction and improved productivity.
1968: Motivation gets a theory
Psychologist Frederick Herzberg was the first to recognise that job satisfaction and dissatisfaction stemmed from comple