Life Long Learning and Continuing Professional Development (CPD) are the processes by which professionals, such as nurses, develop and improve their practice.
There are many ways to address CPD: formally, through attending courses, study days and workshops; or informally, through private study and reflection. Reading articles in professional journals is a good way of keeping up-to-date with what is going on in the field of practice, but reflecting and identifying what you have learnt is not always easy. These questions are designed to help you identify what you have learnt from studying the article. They will also help you to clarify what you can apply to practice, what you did not understand and what you need to explore further.
1. Today's nurses are expected to:
a) Carry out clinical procedures
b) Care for patients, develop research-based strategies and provide comfort
c) Undertake research-based counselling
d) Offer comfort based on research
2. Nursing has been derived from knowledge based on:
b) Critical analysis
c) Instructions from doctors
d) Anecdote and tradition
3. Evidence-based healthcare is thought to have been around for
a) 5 years
b) 10 years
c) 20 years
d) 50 years
4. What word appears four times in the RCN definition of clinical effectiveness?
5. What factors indicate the need for evidence-based healthcare?
a) Ageing population, stress factors and expectation of high quality
b) Ageing population, new technologies and expectation of high quality services
c) Stress factors, new technologies and expectation of high quality services
d) Ageing population, new technologies and stress factors
6. Who says nurses are personally accountable for their practice?
7. What type of research does the medical profession prefer?
a) Meta analysis
b) Grounded theory
c) Social research
d) Randomised control trials
8. What does one have to decide about relevant research?
a) Its quality and worth
b) If it is occupational health orientated
c) When it was published
d) Who is the target audience
9. Systematic reviews