The status of university degrees has been called into question after a survey revealed huge differences in the amount of work required to achieve them.
The Higher Education Policy Institute surveyed 15,000 students and found certain subjects and universities required much more work than others.
While physical science students at Cambridge study for 45 hours a week in and out of classes, those at the University of Central Lancashire only put in 19 hours.
And while undergraduates of communications and documentation study for an average of 20 hours across England, medicine students have to work for 35 hours.
The report states: “The extent of the differences is remarkable and raises important policy questions.
“In particular, it raises questions about what it means to have a degree from an English university, if a degree can apparently be obtained with such very different levels of effort.”