Employment tribunals

Employment rights are enforced in the employment tribunal. For example, employment tribunals consider complaints of unfair dismissal and discrimination. Employment tribunals can also consider breach of contract claims if the value of the claim does not exceed £25,000.

Employment tribunal proceedings are started by the claimant completing and submitting an ET1 claim form within the required time limit. The ET3 response form is the employer's response to the claim form.

Fees are payable and an early conciliation process must be followed before an employment tribunal claim can proceed.


The Children and Families Act has received Royal Assent.

PT30: Ten key legal changes since 1988

Since it first went to press in February 1988, Personnel Today has seen employment legislation introduced, amended and abolished many...

Woman paid less than male colleague wins equal pay claim

26 Jan 2018

A female manager who was paid £7,680 a year less than a male colleague, despite doing the same job, last...

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Employment tribunal fee refunds total £1.8m in two months

25 Jan 2018

More than £1.8m in refunds have been processed since employment tribunal fees were ruled unlawful, according to the Ministry of...

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Former Royal British Legion employee wins constructive dismissal case

15 Jan 2018

An employment tribunal has found that a former case officer at The Royal British Legion was bullied by her line...

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Salesman loses racial discrimination claim following “fat pikey” comment

11 Jan 2018

A technology salesman who said he was called a “fat ginger pikey” and “Gimli” by his managers has lost a...

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Employment tribunal claims soar since abolition of fees

15 Dec 2017

There has been a two-thirds increase in the number of employment tribunal claims in the two months since fees were...

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The 10 most important employment law cases in 2017

13 Dec 2017

The last year has been a very significant one for employment case law. Stephen Simpson counts down the 10 most...

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“Worker by default” status proposed in new gig economy Bill

20 Nov 2017

The Work and Pensions Committee and Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) Committee have produced a draft Bill designed to...

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Government’s tribunal fees refund scheme now fully open

16 Nov 2017

The Government’s scheme for individuals to apply for tribunal fees refunds has been rolled out to all applicants, after a...

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EAT confirms Uber drivers are workers

10 Nov 2017

The Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) has confirmed that Uber drivers should be classified as workers who are entitled to basic...

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Employment tribunal fees repayment scheme launched

20 Oct 2017

The Government has announced details of how individuals who paid employment tribunal fees can apply for a refund, following the...

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Abolition of tribunal fees: Next steps for employers

21 Sep 2017

What does the Supreme Court decision declaring tribunal fees unlawful mean for employers on a practical level? Camille Renaudon, a...

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Employment tribunal numbers remain stable … for now

14 Sep 2017

The number of employment tribunal claims rose very slightly during the period between April and June this year, according to...

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Asda equal pay case: EAT allows mass claim to proceed

1 Sep 2017

Supermarket giant Asda has failed in its latest bid to block a mass equal pay claim against it.

Cases on...

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Five tribunal claims that will increase in post-fees era

30 Aug 2017

Following last month’s decision of the Supreme Court declaring that employment tribunal fees were unlawful, the number of tribunal claims...

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